- The Ancient Commentators on Plato and Aristotle
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- Series: Ancient Philosophies
- Author(s): Miira Tuominen
- ISBN: 1844651630
- ISBN-13: 9781844651634
- Publication Date: 30/04/2009
- Pages: 336 (216 x 138mm)
- Format: Paperback
- Published Price: £17.99
- Discount Price: £14.39
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In late antiquity the works of Plato and Aristotle were subject to intense study, which eventually led to the development of a new literary form, the philosophical commentary. Until recently these commentaries were understood chiefly as sources of information for the masters – Plato and Aristotle – they commented upon. However, in recent years, it has become increasingly acknowledged that the commentators themselves – Aspasius, Alexander, Themistius, Porphyry, Proclus, Philoponus, Simplicius and others – even though they worked in the Platonist–Aristotelian framework, contributed to this tradition in original, innovative and significant ways such that their commentaries are philosophically important sources in their own right. This book provides the first systematic introduction to the “philosophy” of the commentators: their way of doing philosophy and the kind of philosophical problems they found interesting.
The book begins with an examination of the commentary method as a way of practising philosophy, the commentators’ own understanding of their task, and why the philosophical commentary emerged as it did. The central chapters then explore the most important philosophical themes that occupied the commentators: questions concerning the nature and justification of knowledge, the nature of the soul, questions about the explanation of change in nature as well as cosmological discussions about whether the world is eternal or created. These discussions lead to a treatment of the metaphysical assumptions behind the psychology and epistemology of the commentators, the development of the metaphysical doctrines themselves, and, finally, to the question how the commentators developed the ethical doctrines of their predecessors. In her discussion of these key themes, Miira Tuominen shows how the commentators formulation of philosophical problems can be understood in the framework of similar contemporary problems and in so doing helps integrate the commentators into the same continuum of thinkers who have worked in different historical periods and employed different methods.
Although there was no philosophy of the commentators in the sense of a definite set of doctrines, Tuominen shows how the commentary format was nevertheless a vehicle for original philosophical theorizing and argues convincingly that the commentators should take their place alongside other philosophers of antiquity in the history of western philosophy.
“Τhe ancient commentators have attracted increasing attention in the last three decades, but it is only now with the publication of Miira Tuominen’s book that we have the first systematic introduction to their philosophy. The book makes accessible five centuries of philosophical thinking, identifies with crystal clarity the philosophical problems that concerned the commentators and discusses them with historical accuracy and philosophical sophistication. It shows the significance of this period of philosophy and highlights the philosophical calibre of the commentators. It will be indispensable to all students of ancient philosophy.” – George Karamanolis, University of Crete
"Tuominen has written a welcome introduction to the Ancient Commentators
that suits its intended student audience very well. The main narrative
offers a convenient way into the continued engagement with Platonic and
Aristotelian philosophy. It is a great starting-point to learn about the
philosophical thought of late antiquity." – Han Baltussen, University of Adelaide
Miira Tuominen is Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Jyvaskyla, Finland.
3. Science and logic
5. Psychology: perception and intellect
Glossary of names
Guide to further reading
- Also available in Hardback (1844651622), priced £55.00
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